Lapita people relied on foraging as well as agriculture; men enjoyed a more varied diet than women.
Between 1400 and 800 BC, Polynesian colonists associated with the Lapita culture spread out into the Pacific from Island Southeast Asia, eventually settling the islands of central and eastern Melanesia and western Polynesia. The word ‘Lapita’ is a Western mispronunciation of Xapeta’a, the native Kanak name for the site in New Caledonia that gave its name to the culture. The Lapita culture is noted for its distinctive pottery, which was typically red-slipped, and decorated with small-toothed (‘dentate’) bone or shell chisels.
By around 1300 to 1200 BC, Early Lapita communities were established over a wide area of the Bismarck Archipelago. Continue reading